User Tools

Function LIST, LIST*


list &rest objectslist list* &rest objects+result

Arguments and Values


list returns a list containing the supplied objects.

list* is like list except that the last argument to list becomes the car of the last cons constructed, while the last argument to list* becomes the cdr of the last cons constructed. Hence, any given call to list* always produces one fewer conses than a call to list with the same number of arguments.

If the last argument to list* is a list, the effect is to construct a new list which is similar, but which has additional elements added to the front corresponding to the preceding arguments of list*.

If list* receives only one object, that object is returned, regardless of whether or not it is a list.


(list 1)


(list* 1)


(defparameter *a* 1)


(list *a* 2)

(1 2)

'(*a* 2)

(*A* 2)

(list '*a* 2)

(*A* 2)

(list* *a* 2)

(1 . 2)


NIL ; ≡ ()

(setf *a* '(1 2))

(1 2)

(eq *a* (list* *a*))


(list 3 4 'a (car '(b . c)) (+ 6 -2))

(3 4 A B 4)

(list* 'a 'b 'c 'd) ≡ (cons 'a (cons 'b (cons 'c 'd)))

(A B C . D)

(list* 'a 'b 'c '(d e f))

(A B C D E F)

Side Effects


Affected By


Exceptional Situations


See Also


(list* x) ≡ x