# Function DECODE-FLOAT, SCALE-FLOAT, FLOAT-RADIX, FLOAT-SIGN, FLOAT-DIGITS, FLOAT-PRECISION, INTEGER-DECODE-FLOAT

### Syntax

• decode-float floatsignificand, exponent, sign
• scale-float float integerscaled-float
• float-sign float-1 `&optional` float-2signed-float * float-digits floatdigits1 * float-precision floatdigits2 * integer-decode-float floatsignificand, exponent, integer-sign ====Arguments and Values==== * digits1 - a non-negative integer. * digits2 - a non-negative integer. * exponent - an integer. * float - a float. * float-1 - a float. * float-2 - a float. * float-radix - an integer. * integer - a non-negative integer. * integer-sign - the integer `-1`, or the integer `1`. * scaled-float - a float. * sign - A float of the same type as float but numerically equal to `1.0` or `-1.0`. * signed-float - a float. * significand - a float. ====Description==== decode-float computes three values that characterize float. The first value is of the same type as float and represents the significand. The second value represents the exponent to which the radix (notated in this description by `b`) must be raised to obtain the value that, when multiplied with the first result, produces the absolute value of float. If float is zero, any integer value may be returned, provided that the identity shown for scale-float holds. The third value is of the same type as float and is 1.0 if float is greater than or equal to zero or -1.0 otherwise. decode-float divides float by an integral power of `b` so as to bring its value between `1/b` (inclusive) and `1` (exclusive), and returns the quotient as the first value. If float is zero, however, the result equals the absolute value of float (that is, if there is a negative zero, its significand is considered to be a positive zero). scale-float returns `(* float (expt (float `b` float) integer))`, where `b` is the radix of the floating-point representation. float is not necessarily between `1/b` and `1`. float-radix returns the radix of float. float-sign returns a number `z` such that `z` and float-1 have the same sign and also such that `z` and float-2 have the same absolute value. If float-2 is not supplied, its value is `(float 1 float-1)`. If an implementation has distinct representations for negative zero and positive zero, then `(float-sign -0.0)``-1.0`. float-digits returns the number of radix `b` digits used in the representation of float (including any implicit digits, such as a "hidden bit"). float-precision returns the number of significant radix `b` digits present in float; if float is a float zero, then the result is an integer zero. For normalized floats, the results of float-digits and float-precision are the same, but the precision is less than the number of representation digits for a denormalized or zero number. integer-decode-float computes three values that characterize float - the significand scaled so as to be an integer, and the same last two values that are returned by decode-float. If float is zero, multiple-value-bind (signif expon sign) (integer-decode-float f) (scale-float (float signif f) expon)) ≡ (abs f) </blockquote> ====Examples==== Note that since the purpose of this functionality is to expose details of the implementation, all of these examples are necessarily very implementation-dependent. Results may vary widely. Values shown here are chosen consistently from one particular implementation. <blockquote> (decode-float .5) <r>0.5 0 1.0 </r> (decode-float 1.0) <r>0.5 1 1.0 </r> (scale-float 1.0 1) <r>2.0 </r> (scale-float 10.01 -2) <r>2.5025 </r> (scale-float 23.0 0) <r>23.0 </r> (float-radix 1.0) <r>2 </r> (float-sign 5.0) <r>1.0 </r> (float-sign -5.0) <r>-1.0 </r> (float-sign 0.0) <r>1.0 </r> (float-sign 1.0 0.0) <r>0.0 </r> (float-sign 1.0 -10.0) <r>10.0 </r> (float-sign -1.0 10.0) <r>-10.0 </r> (float-digits 1.0) <r>24 </r> (float-precision 1.0) <r>24 </r> (float-precision least-positive-single-float) <r>1 </r> (integer-decode-float 1.0) <r>8388608 -23 1 </r> </blockquote> ====Side Effects==== None. ====Affected By==== The implementation's representation for floats. ====Exceptional Situations==== The functions decode-float, float-radix, float-digits, float-precision, and integer-decode-float should signal an error if their only argument is not a float. The function scale-float should signal an error if its first argument is not a float or if its second argument is not an integer. The function float-sign should signal an error if its first argument is not a float or if its second argument is supplied but is not a float. ====See Also==== None. ====Notes==== The product of the first result of decode-float or integer-decode-float**, of the radix raised to the power of the second result, and of the third result is exactly equal to the value of float. <blockquote> (multiple-value-bind (signif expon sign) (decode-float f) (scale-float signif expon)) ≡ (abs f) (multiple-value-bind (signif expon sign) (decode-float f) (* (scale-float signif expon) sign)) ≡ f </blockquote> 