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Function MAP-INTO

Syntax

  • map-into result-sequence function &rest sequencesresult-sequence

Arguments and Values

Description

Destructively modifies result-sequence to contain the results of applying function to each element in the argument sequences in turn.

result-sequence and each element of sequences can each be either a list or a vector.

If result-sequence and each element of sequences are not all the same length, the iteration terminates when the shortest sequence (of any of the sequences or the result-sequence) is exhausted. If result-sequence is a vector with a fill pointer, the fill pointer is ignored when deciding how many iterations to perform, and afterwards the fill pointer is set to the number of times function was applied. If result-sequence is longer than the shortest element of sequences, extra elements at the end of result-sequence are left unchanged. If result-sequence is nil, map-into immediately returns nil, since nil is a sequence of length zero.

If function has side effects, it can count on being called first on all of the elements with index 0, then on all of those numbered 1, and so on.

Examples

(defparameter *a* (list 1 2 3 4))

*A*

(defparameter *b* (list 10 10 10 10))

*B*

(map-into *a* #'+ *a* *b*)

(11 12 13 14)

*a*

(11 12 13 14)

*b*

(10 10 10 10)

(defparameter *k* '(one two three))

(ONE TWO THREE)

(map-into *a* #'cons *k* *a*)

((ONE . 11) (TWO . 12) (THREE . 13) 14)

(map-into *a* #'gensym)

(#:G9090 #:G9091 #:G9092 #:G9093)

*a*

(#:G9090 #:G9091 #:G9092 #:G9093)

Affected By

None.

Exceptional Situations

Should be prepared to signal an error of type type-error if result-sequence is not a proper sequence. Should be prepared to signal an error of type type-error if sequence is not a proper sequence.

See Also

None.

Notes

map-into differs from map in that it modifies an existing sequence rather than creating a new one. In addition, map-into can be called with only two arguments, while map requires at least three arguments.

map-into could be defined by:

(defun map-into (result-sequence function &rest sequences) (loop for index below (apply #'min (length result-sequence) (mapcar #'length sequences)) do (setf (elt result-sequence index) (apply function (mapcar #'(lambda (seq) (elt seq index)) sequences)))) result-sequence)

\issue{MAP-INTO:ADD-FUNCTION}