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Function FIND, FIND-IF, FIND-IF-NOT

Syntax

  • find item sequence &key from-end test test-not start end keyelement * find-if predicate sequence &key from-end start end keyelement * find-if-not predicate sequence &key from-end start end keyelement ====Arguments and Values==== * item - an object. * sequence - a proper sequence. * predicate - a designator for a function of one argument that returns a generalized boolean. * from-end - a generalized boolean. The default is false. * test - a designator for a function of two arguments that returns a generalized boolean. * test-not - a designator for a function of two arguments that returns a generalized boolean. * start, end - bounding index designators of sequence. The defaults for start and end are 0 and nil, respectively. * key - a designator for a function of one argument, or nil. * element - an element of the sequence, or nil. ====Description==== find, find-if, and find-if-not each search for an element of the sequence bounded by start and end that satisfies the predicate predicate or that satisfies the test test or test-not, as appropriate. If from-end is true, then the result is the rightmost element that satisfies the test. If the sequence contains an element that satisfies the test, then the leftmost or rightmost sequence element, depending on from-end, is returned; otherwise nil is returned. ====Examples==== <blockquote> (find #\d "here are some letters that can be looked at" :test #'char>) <r>#\Space</r> (find-if #'oddp '(1 2 3 4 5) :end 3 :from-end t) <r>3 </r> (find-if-not #'complexp '#(3.5 2 #C(1.0 0.0) #C(0.0 1.0)) :start 2) <r>NIL </r> </blockquote> ====Side Effects==== None. ====Affected By==== None. ====Exceptional Situations==== Should be prepared to signal an error of type type-error if sequence is not a proper sequence. ====See Also==== * Function POSITION * {\secref\TestFunctionRules} * {\secref\TraversalRules} ====Notes==== The :test-not argument is deprecated. The function find-if-not is deprecated. \issue{TEST-NOT-IF-NOT:FLUSH-ALL} \issue{SUBSEQ-OUT-OF-BOUNDS} \issue{RANGE-OF-START-AND-END-PARAMETERS:INTEGER-AND-INTEGER-NIL} \issue{MAPPING-DESTRUCTIVE-INTERACTION:EXPLICITLY-VAGUE} \issue{TEST-NOT-IF-NOT:FLUSH-ALL}