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Function COERCE

Syntax

  • coerce object result-typeresult

Arguments and Values

  • object - an object.
  • result-type - a type specifier.
  • result - an object, of type result-type except in situations described in \secref\RuleOfCanonRepForComplexRationals.

Description

Coerces the object to type result-type.

If object is already of type result-type, the object itself is returned, regardless of whether it would have been possible in general to coerce an object of some other type to result-type.

Otherwise, the object is coerced to type result-type according to the following rules:

sequence

If the result-type is a recognizable subtype of list,and the object is a sequence, then the result is a list that has the same elements as object.

If the result-type is a recognizable subtype of vector,and the object is a sequence, then the result is a vector that has the same elements as object. If result-type is a specialized type, the result has an actual array element type that is the result of upgrading the element type part of that specialized type. If no element type is specified, the element type defaults to t. If the implementation cannot determine the element type, an error is signaled.

character

If the result-type is character and the object is a character designator, the result is the character it denotes.

complex

If the result-type is complex and the object is a real, then the result is obtained by constructing a complex whose real part is the object and whose imaginary part is the result of coercing an integer zero to the type of the object (using coerce). (If the real part is a rational, however, then the result must be represented as a rational rather than a complex; see section {\secref\RuleOfCanonRepForComplexRationals}. So, for example, (coerce 3 'complex) is permissible, but will return 3, which is not a complex.)

float

If the result-type is any of float, short-float, single-float, double-float, long-float,and the object is a real, then the result is a float of type result-type which is equal in sign and magnitude to the object to whatever degree of representational precision is permitted by that float representation. (If the result-type is float and object is not already a float, then the result is a single float.)

function

If the result-type is function,and object is any function name that is fbound but that is globally defined neither as a macro name nor as a special operator, then the result is the functional value of object.

If the result-type is function,and object is a lambda expression, then the result is a closure of object in the null lexical environment.

t

Any object can be coerced to an object of type t. In this case, the object is simply returned.

Examples

(coerce '(a b c) 'vector)

#(A B C)

(coerce 'a 'character)

#\A

(coerce 4.56 'complex)

#C(4.56 0.0)

(coerce 4.5s0 'complex)

#C(4.5s0 0.0s0)

(coerce 7/2 'complex)

7/2

(coerce 0 'short-float)

0.0s0

(coerce 3.5L0 'float)

3.5L0

(coerce 7/2 'float)

3.5

(coerce (cons 1 2) t)

(1 . 2)

All the following forms should signal an error:

(coerce '(a b c) '(vector * 4)) (coerce #(a b c) '(vector * 4)) (coerce '(a b c) '(vector * 2)) (coerce #(a b c) '(vector * 2)) (coerce "foo" '(string 2)) (coerce #(#\a #\b #\c) '(string 2)) (coerce '(0 1) '(simple-bit-vector 3))

Affected By

None.

Exceptional Situations

If a coercion is not possible, an error of type type-error is signaled.

(coerce x 'nil) always signals an error of type type-error.

An error of type error is signaled if the result-type is function but object is a symbol that is not fbound or if the symbol names a macro or a special operator.

An error of type type-error should be signaled if result-type specifies the number of elements and object is of a different length.

See Also

Notes

Coercions from floats to rationals and from ratios to integers are not provided because of rounding problems.

(coerce x 't) ≡ (identity x) ≡ x

\issue{FUNCTION-TYPE:X3J13-MARCH-88} \issue{COERCING-SETF-NAME-TO-FUNCTION:ALL-FUNCTION-NAMES} \issue{SEQUENCE-TYPE-LENGTH:MUST-MATCH} \issue{SEQUENCE-TYPE-LENGTH:MUST-MATCH} \issue{CONCATENATE-SEQUENCE:SIGNAL-ERROR} \issue{CHARACTER-LOOSE-ENDS:FIX} \issue{REAL-NUMBER-TYPE:X3J13-MAR-89}